Goal 11

PSE R&D - Deep Dive


Goal Status

donut shaped icon to signify the status of not progressing Not Progressing Not On Track
Current: $182M
Baseline: $182M
Target: $360M
Bands

In addition to the Canadian Association of University Business Offices (CAUBO) data, Statistics Canada data on research and development (R&D) performed by the higher education sector provides insight on the funding sources underlying the trends.

Year Total Sciences Natural Sciences and Engineering Social Sciences and Humanities
2000/2001 199.9 148.1 51.9
2001/2002 208.5 159.6 48.9
2002/2003 225.5 174.2 51.2
2003/2004 259.1 201.1 58
2004/2005 266 202.3 63.7
2005/2006 297.4 225.9 71.5
2006/2007 316.5 245.9 70.6
2007/2008 326.6 249.6 77
2008/2009 342.5 261.6 80.9
2009/2010 343.4 258.3 85.1
2010/2011 369.3 286.4 83
2011/2012 368.3 284.7 83.6
2012/2013 383.6 272.4 111.2
2013/2014 388.4 286.2 102.2
2014/2015 411 302.1 108.9
2015/2016 414.8 301.4 113.3
2016/2017 416.5 298.2 118.3

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Statistics Canada data, which draw on broader funding sources than CAUBO data, and include R&D performed by the Nova Scotia Community College (NSCC) in addition to universities, show $417 million worth of R&D was carried about by Nova Scotia’s higher education sector in 2016/2017. This represents a slight increase of 8.6 per cent compared to 2012/2013. Of that funding, $298 million (72 per cent of the total) went to R&D in natural sciences and engineering, with the remaining $118 million going to social sciences and humanities research. The value of research has been relatively stable in both categories over the latest two years.

Funding comes from five major sources: 1) the federal government, 2) provincial government, 3) private businesses, 4) private non-profits, and 5) the higher education sector itself. The higher education sector funds about 58% of its own R&D activity, spending $243 million in 2016/2017. This is followed by the federal government with $102 million in funding. In addition to being the largest funders, these two sectors have been the steadiest sources of spending growth over the past decade, though federal spending has flattened in more recent years.

Year Federal Government Provincial Government Business Enterprise Higher Education Private Non-profit
2000/2001 39.9 7.8 19.8 120.2 10.5
2001/2002 49 5.2 19.5 118.7 15.2
2002/2003 52 6.9 20.9 126.7 17.5
2003/2004 60 6.8 21.5 146.4 23.5
2004/2005 73 7.9 22.7 140.7 21.6
2005/2006 80.3 6 30.8 158.1 22.3
2006/2007 82.3 5.3 35.3 170.9 22
2007/2008 81.4 6.9 39.3 170.1 28.8
2008/2009 93.5 8.1 37.1 178.8 24.5
2009/2010 95.1 8.3 32.6 184.9 21.8
2010/2011 104.9 10.1 40 189.9 23.7
2011/2012 101.9 11.8 44.5 192.6 16.8
2012/2013 99.3 11.7 39.8 220.2 11.6
2013/2014 98.8 12.2 28.7 225.2 23.3
2014/2015 109.2 11.4 36.5 235.8 17.2
2015/2016 107.9 10.9 26.8 243.3 23.7
2016/2017 102.1 15.1 29.7 242.9 24.6

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Most higher education R&D activity funded by the provincial government, private business, and non-profits is in natural sciences and engineering. Together, these two groups funded $61 million worth of R&D in those categories, compared to $4.4 million in the social sciences and humanities.

Year Federal Government Provincial Government Business Enterprise Higher Education Private Non-profit
2000/2001 32.4 6.2 19.6 78 10.2
2001/2002 42 4.1 19.3 78.6 14.6
2002/2003 44.2 5.5 20.7 85.6 16.9
2003/2004 49.7 5.4 21.2 101.2 22.7
2004/2005 59.9 6.3 22.3 93.1 20.7
2005/2006 64.4 4.8 30.3 105.3 21.1
2006/2007 68.2 4.2 34.8 117 20.9
2007/2008 65.4 5.6 38.5 113.8 26.4
2008/2009 74.4 6.5 36.7 120.4 23.2
2009/2010 76.3 6.7 31.7 122.3 20.7
2010/2011 86.3 8.1 39.1 129.8 22.4
2011/2012 84.4 9.5 43.6 131.2 15.5
2012/2013 78.7 9.4 38.8 134.1 10.5
2013/2014 85.3 9.8 27.9 141 21.9
2014/2015 89.1 9.1 35.7 151.3 15.9
2015/2016 88.8 8.7 26 153.6 22.1
2016/2017 81.9 12.1 28.7 150.4 22.8

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Year Federal Government Higher Education
2000/2001 7.5 42.2
2001/2002 7 40.1
2002/2003 7.8 41.1
2003/2004 10.3 45.2
2004/2005 13.1 47.6
2005/2006 15.9 52.8
2006/2007 14.1 53.9
2007/2008 16 56.3
2008/2009 19.1 58.4
2009/2010 18.8 62.6
2010/2011 18.7 60.1
2011/2012 17.5 61.4
2012/2013 20.6 86.1
2013/2014 13.5 84.1
2014/2015 20.1 84.5
2015/2016 19.1 89.7
2016/2017 20.1 92.5

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On a per capita basis, Nova Scotia’s higher education sector performs a higher value of R&D than the national average at $438 per person. That is due to above average per capita funding provided by the higher education sector itself, as well as the federal government. The provincial government and private non-profits spend less per capita on education R&D activity than the national average, while businesses were on par with the national average.

Dollars Canada Nova Scotia
Total funding sectors 378 438
Federal government 87 107
Provincial government 32 16
Business enterprise 30 31
Higher education 186 256
Private non-profit 40 26

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CHANGES TO THE INDICATOR, BASELINE, OR TARGET:

  • No changes were made to the indicator, baseline, or target.
  • Contextual numbers were removed from the statement of the goal. The target was assumed to be the doubling of research funding, not the $360 million quoted for context in the Report of the Nova Scotia Commission on Building our New Economy. This was done to keep the goal consistent in case of future historical revisions to the source data.