Goal 6

Firms Participating In Export Trade - Deep Dive


Goal Status

checkmark icon to signify progressing Progressing Not On Track
Baseline: 930
Current: 1017
Target: 1395
Bands

The industries with the largest numbers of international merchandise exporting establishments in Nova Scotia are goods producing — mainly manufacturing and agriculture and fishing — as well as service industries that participate in both wholesale and retail trade.

Industry Number of Exporting Establishments
Agriculture-Forestry-Fishing-Hunting 102
Mining-Quarrying-Oil and gas extraction 9
Utilities 4
Construction 31
Manufacturing 284
Wholesale trade 261
Retail trade 108
Transportation and warehousing 40
Information and cultural industries 8
Finance and insurance 8
Real estate and rental and leasing 16
Professional-Scientific-Technical services 53
Management of companies and enterprises 13
Administrative and support-Waste management-Remediation services 13
Educational services 5
Health care and social assistance 9
Arts-Entertainment-Recreation 17
Accommodation and food services 5
Other services (except public administration) 25
Public administration 6

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Exporting establishments in Nova Scotia were evenly split between Halifax and outside of Halifax. In 2018, there were 509 exporting establishments in Halifax and 508 outside of Halifax. Outside of Halifax, there were more establishments in agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting and manufacturing, while Halifax had more establishments in construction and service-based industries.

Industry Halifax Outside of Halifax
All industries 509 508
Agriculture-Forestry-Fishing-Hunting 11 91
Mining-Quarrying-Oil and gas extraction 0 0
Utilities 0 0
Construction 20 11
Manufacturing 101 183
Wholesale trade 153 108
Retail trade 65 43
Transportation and warehousing 26 14
Information and cultural industries 8 0
Finance and insurance 0 0
Real estate and rental and leasing 7 9
Professional-Scientific-Technical services 46 7
Management of companies and enterprises 10 3
Administrative and support-Waste management-Remediation services 8 5
Educational services 0 0
Health care and social assistance 7 2
Arts-Entertainment-Recreation 9 8
Accommodation and food services 0 0
Other services (except public administration) 18 7
Public administration 5 1

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The manufacturing industry accounted for 69.0 per cent of Nova Scotia’s merchandise exports in 2018. It also produced $13.1 million dollars in exports per establishment — the largest value of exports per exporting establishment. Wholesale trade accounted for another 18.7 per cent of the province’s merchandise exports, while agriculture and fishing accounted for 6.3 per cent. Combined, these three industries generated 93.9 per cent of Nova Scotia’s merchandise exports and represent 63.6 per cent of the province’s exporting establishments.

Industry Value
Agriculture-Forestry-Fishing-Hunting 3.31
Mining-Quarrying-Oil and gas extraction 11.61
Utilities 0.81
Construction 0.17
Manufacturing 13.1
Wholesale trade 3.86
Retail trade 0.26
Transportation and warehousing 1.15
Information and cultural industries 0.11
Finance and insurance 3.1
Real estate and rental and leasing 3.02
Professional-Scientific-Technical services 0.31
Management of companies and enterprises 2.15
Administrative and support-Waste management-Remediation services 0.22
Educational services 1
Health care and social assistance 0.24
Arts-Entertainment-Recreation 0.03
Accommodation and food services 1.41
Other services (except public administration) 0.18
Public administration 0.16

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The value of exports per establishment was $2.4 million in Halifax and $8.2 million outside of Halifax. The higher value outside of Halifax largely reflects the higher value of manufacturing output outside of Halifax.

Industry Halifax Outside of Halifax
All industries 2.39 8.22
Agriculture-Forestry-Fishing-Hunting 17.09 1.64
Mining-Quarrying-Oil and gas extraction 0 0
Utilities 0 0
Construction 0.15 0.2
Manufacturing 4.67 17.75
Wholesale trade 2.75 5.42
Retail trade 0.23 0.32
Transportation and warehousing 1.1 1.25
Information and cultural industries 0.11 0
Finance and insurance 0 0
Real estate and rental and leasing 0.68 4.83
Professional-Scientific-Technical services 0.35 0.07
Management of companies and enterprises 2.51 0.95
Administrative and support-Waste management-Remediation services 0.12 0.37
Educational services 0 0
Health care and social assistance 0.31 0
Arts-Entertainment-Recreation 0.01 0.05
Accommodation and food services 0 0
Other services (except public administration) 0.24 0.04
Public administration 0.19 0.04

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Digging further into the manufacturing sector, food manufacturing had the largest number of merchandise exporting establishments.

Sub-sector Number
Food manufacturing 77
Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing 7
Textile product mills 5
Clothing manufacturing 4
Wood product manufacturing 18
Paper manufacturing 8
Printing and related support activities 9
Chemical manufacturing 14
Plastics and rubber products manufacturing 24
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing 6
Fabricated metal product manufacturing 27
Machinery manufacturing 19
Computer and electronic product manufacturing 17
Electrical equipment and appliance and component manufacturing 5
Transportation equipment manufacturing 12
Furniture and related product manufacturing 7
Miscellaneous manufacturing 19

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Two of the province’s significant export industries stand out in the value of exports per exporting establishment by manufacturing sub-sector – pulp and paper manufacturing and tire manufacturing. Both show significantly above average export value per establishment.

Sub-sector Millions of Dollars
Food manufacturing 11.05
Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing 0.08
Textile product mills 5.72
Clothing manufacturing 2.88
Wood product manufacturing 7.15
Paper manufacturing 60.82
Printing and related support activities 0.02
Chemical manufacturing 16.02
Plastics and rubber products manufacturing 67.02
Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing 1.66
Fabricated metal product manufacturing 1.32
Machinery manufacturing 5.45
Computer and electronic product manufacturing 5.91
Electrical equipment and appliance and component manufacturing 7.35
Transportation equipment manufacturing 5.06
Furniture and related product manufacturing 0.27
Miscellaneous manufacturing 0.16

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Of the province’s 1,017 establishments participating in international merchandise exports in 2018, almost 70 per cent exported to a single country. However, the 310 establishments that exported to two or more countries accounted for 78.9 per cent of the total value of merchandise exports and had a much higher export value per establishment.

Group Share of Exporting Establishments
1 partner country 69.52
2 or more partner countries 30.48

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Looking at the province’s largest merchandise export destinations, 742 establishments exported to the United States in 2018, accounting for 67.6 per cent of the value of merchandise exports. Exports to the United States had the second largest value per establishment with exports to China holding the highest value per establishment in 2018. There has been significant growth in the number of firms exporting to, and the value of exports destined for, Asian markets. From 2010 to 2018, the value of merchandise exports from Nova Scotia to Asian markets has more than doubled, displacing Europe as the province’s second largest export market. In particular, firms exporting to China, Japan, and South Korea have steadily grown.

Nova Scotia's 10 Largest Export Destinations, 2018

 

Value of Exports (x1,000)

Number of Establishments *

Value per Establishment (x1,000)

United States

$3,644,634

742

$4,912

China

$650,720

125

$5,206

Japan

$101,199

64

$1,581

Netherlands

$91,605

56

$1,636

South Korea

$80,281

68

$1,181

United Kingdom

$70,227

91

$772

France

$65,269

154

$424

Mexico

$51,658

23

$2,246

Australia

$44,796

60

$747

Germany

$44,419

62

$716

*Note that the sum of the exporting establishments column exceeds the provincial total of 1,017. This is because some establishments export to two or more countries.

Number of Partner Countries Value Per Establishment
1 partner country 1.61
2 or more partner countries 13.72

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CHANGES TO THE INDICATOR, BASELINE, OR TARGET:

  • We were not able to replicate the baseline number quoted in the Report of the Nova Scotia Commission on Building our New Economy.
  • A new data source has since become available from Statistics Canada, which was adopted here.
  • This new data source measures the number of business establishments participating in international merchandise exports. Note that an establishment is not the same as a business. A business can own multiple establishments.
  • The change in indicator results in a new, higher baseline, but the target is still assumed to require 50% growth over the baseline.